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        For questions related to 'elementary' proofs in a technical sense, which has nothing to do with the difficulty of the argument or result. A typical example would be 'elementary' proofs of the Prime Number Theorem, which avoid complex analysis. The tag is however not limited to this particular notion ...

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        217 views

        A set of prime numbers

        Consider a non-empty set $S$ of primes, with the property that, for every finite subset $S'\subset S$, all the primes dividing $\left(\prod_{k\in S'}k\right)+1$ are in $S$. For instance, it can ...
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        votes
        1answer
        71 views

        On submatrices: size bound

        Let $M$ be a generic $2n\times 2n$ matrix and fix $k\leq n$. Suppose $\mathcal{F}$ is a family of submatrices under the conditions that $A\in\mathcal{F}$ provided (a) $A$ is a $k\times k$ ...
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        votes
        1answer
        257 views

        Vandermonde determinant: modulo

        There is a lot of fascination with the Vandermonde determinant and for many good reasons and purposes. My current quest is more of number-theoretic. QUESTION. Let $p\equiv 3$ (mod $4$) be a prime. ...
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        votes
        1answer
        197 views

        Generating function for 3 -core partitions: Part II

        Let $\lambda$ be an integer partition: $\lambda=(\lambda_1\geq\lambda_2\geq\dots\geq0)$. Further, let $h_u$ denote the hook-length of the cell $u$. We call $\lambda$ a $t$-core partition if none of ...
        4
        votes
        1answer
        114 views

        Generating function for $3$-core partitions

        Let $\lambda$ be an integer partition: $\lambda=(\lambda_1\geq\lambda_2\geq\dots\geq0)$. Further, let $h_u$ denote the hook-length of the cell $u$. We call $\lambda$ a $t$-core partition if none of ...
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        2answers
        174 views

        A link between hooks and contents: Part II

        This is a question in the spirit of an earlier problem. Let $\lambda$ be an integer partition: $\lambda=(\lambda_1\geq\lambda_2\geq\dots\geq0)$. Recall also the notation for the content of a cell $...
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        2answers
        126 views

        A link between hooks, contents and parts of a partition

        Let $\lambda$ be an integer partition: $\lambda=(\lambda_1\geq\lambda_2\geq\dots\geq0)$. Denote its conjugate partition by $\lambda'$. For example, if $\lambda=(4,3,1)$ then $\lambda'=(3,2,2,1)$. ...
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        198 views

        Why are the medians of a triangle concurrent? In absolute geometry

        This fact holds true in absolute geometry, and I would like to see an elementary synthetic proof not using the classification of absolute planes (Euclidean and hyperbolic planes) and specific models. ...
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        879 views

        A proof required for this identity [duplicate]

        Experiments support the below identity. Question. Is this true? Combinatorial proof preferred if possible. $$\sum_{m=0}^n\binom{n-\frac13}m\binom{n+\frac13}{n-m}(1+6m-3n)^{2n+1} =\left(\frac43\...
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        0answers
        235 views

        Conjectured primality tests for specific classes of $k\cdot b^n \pm 1$

        Can you provide proofs or counterexamples for the claims given below? Inspired by Lucas-Lehmer-Riesel primality test I have formulated the following two claims: First claim Let $P_m(x)=2^{-m}\...
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        vote
        1answer
        313 views

        Primality test for generalized Fermat numbers

        This question is successor of Primality test for specific class of generalized Fermat numbers . Can you provide a proof or a counterexample for the claim given below? Inspired by Lucas–Lehmer–Riesel ...
        0
        votes
        1answer
        148 views

        $2$-adic valuations and sum of divisor function

        Consider the sum of $k^{th}$-power of divisors of $n$, denoted $$\sigma_k(n)=\sum_{d\vert n}d^k.$$ Let $\nu_p(x)$ stand for the $p$-adic valuation of the integer $x$. The following appears to be ...
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        1answer
        570 views

        Roots and relation between polynomials and their derivatives

        This is probably easy but it might be interesting. Here goes $\dots$ Let $P\in\mathbb{R}[x]$ be a polynomial of degree $n>2$ and $P'=\frac{dP}{dx}$. If $x_1, x_2, \dots, x_n$ are the roots of $P(x)...
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        votes
        1answer
        272 views

        Primality test for specific class of $N=k \cdot b^n-1$

        This question is successor of Compositeness test for specific class of $N=k \cdot b^n-1$ . Can you provide a proof or a counterexample to the following claim : Let $P_m(x)=2^{-m}\cdot \left(\left(...
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        vote
        0answers
        129 views

        Algebraic equivalence of cycles and Chow varieties

        Let $p,d\geq 0$ be two integers and let $X\subseteq\mathbb{P}^N$ be acomplex projective variety. Denote the Chow variety of $X$ consisting of $p$-cycles of degree $d$ by $\mathcal{C}_{p,d}(X)$. I'm ...

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